A few things you should know about hardwoods:
(1) Top veneer hardwood (5) bottom veneer hardwood - typically these should be made of the same hardwood
w/polyurethane, titanium oxide, aluminum oxide or oil finish
(2)-(4) Cross layered hardwood - 3 or more layers depending on the manufacturer
By changing the direction of the plys, expansion and contraction due to temperature and climate changes are equal on all four sides giving engineered flooring more stability than traditional solid hardwood floors.
Most woods today are engineered, like the picture above. This is done to help reduce waste and cost, but also to help with stability of expansion and contraction of the wood. There are several versions of engineering hardwood, sometimes referred to as laminated hardwood in the eastern part of the US, and also HDF hybrid versions that we will also show and discuss. Don't confuse laminated with laminate (more information coming soon). There is also one company that we display that has a patent on a unique version of what is considered solid (more information coming soon). Engineered hardwoods are still "real" hardwoods the top layer or veneer is real hardwood, just because it is engineered does not make it fake.
The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. Click on Wikipedia's Janka list for more information.
Watch this video to learn more about the Lacey Act that has been in place since the early 1900's for illegally imported animals but was amended in 2008 to include illegally imported plants. Trees are being harvested for their lumber all over the globe, including rainforest areas, and endangered species habitats. This lumber is then sold and being used to make hardwood floors, plywood and furniture. Here is the link to one article of a well known hardwood company that was caught using illegally harvested lumber.
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